Doug's WC Comp
Quarterly Fall 2012

Attorney James Pomeranz
100 Years of Workers’ Compensation

September 2019 UPDATES


Website Case Summary - Shelesky vs. Community Systems, Inc.

The Compensation Review Board, in a decision issued July 3, 2019, upheld the trial commissioner's finding and dismissal of the claimant's alleged work-related injuries. The trial commissioner, after weighing extensive medical evidence, as well as testimony from the claimant, found that the claimant did not sustain a disabling injury while at work

The CRB, in its decision, goes through an excellent discussion of the standard for evaluating contested medical evidence. The CRB found that once again the claimant bears the burden of persuasion to prove that the employment was the proximate cause of injury.

The CRB upheld the trial commissioner's finding that the claimant was not persuasive in her testimony and, in addition, the medical opinions of at least some of the treating physicians were based upon an incomplete review of medical records and not persuasive.

This opinion contains an excellent outline of how trial commissioners' factual findings and conclusions must stand unless they are without evidence, contrary to law or based on unreasonable or impermissible factual evidence.

Collin vs. United Technologies Corporation

The Compensation Review Board issued a decision on May 13, 2019 affirming the trial commissioner's finding and dismissal. Attorney James Pomeranz argued on behalf of the respondents that the claimant's job as a machine operator did not cause the claimant's left thumb and left shoulder injuries. The claimant argued that the treating physician found a causal connection and the matter should have been accepted as compensable.

Attorney Pomeranz argued that this was a "dueling expert" case and that the respondents' medical examination offered more credible and persuasive evidence. The trial commissioner noted that the respondents' medical examiner had actually inspected the machine and claimant's workstation at the job site and offered an opinion that did not support compensability of the left thumb and shoulder.

The trial commissioner noted that the RME physician had observed the physical requirements of the claimant's employment and inspected the claimant's workstation prior to rendering an opinion and that this opinion of the RME was credible and persuasive.

The Compensation Review Board upheld the trial commissioner's finding. The CRB noted that the trial commissioner's factual findings and conclusions must stand unless they are not supported by evidence. In this particular case, the CRB found that the commissioner's use of the RME's opinion was supported by the evidence presented.

The CRB once again noted that the claimant bears the burden of persuasion in establishing that one's employment was the proximate cause of injury. In this particular case, the trial commissioner was given great deference in evaluating all evidence presented and felt that the claimant had not established a causal relationship.

Website Case Summaries - Donna Demattia vs. Dunkin' Donuts and Selective Insurance Company.

In a Compensation Review Board decision issued August 27, 2019, Pomeranz, Drayton and Stabnick Attorney Gregory Lisowski was successful in having the trial commissioner's finding and dismissal upheld. Claimant had fallen off of a ladder during the course of her employment claiming injuries to her back and knee. There was a late reporting of this incident, which happened to have been captured by a security video. There were witnesses who testified at formal hearing that the claimant did not complain of any right knee symptomatology. There was also a gap in the claimant reporting the incident, as well as a lengthy period of time when no medical treatment was sought relative to the right knee.

The trial commissioner essentially was faced with assessing the credibility of the claimant, as well as dueling opinions from the treating physician and a respondents' medical examination.

The Compensation Review Board indicated that it is up to the trial commissioner to determine what evidence he or she deems persuasive and upheld the trial commissioner in this particular matter. The commissioner was presented with testimony of the claimant, whom she found lacked credibility and felt that the treating physician's opinion was unpersuasive.

The Compensation Review Board felt this was a classic "dueling expert" case and under the circumstances, they deferred to the trial commissioner's judgment.

July 2019 UPDATES


We are happy to announce that Attorney Douglas Drayton was recognized by the Connecticut Bar Association for his 50 years of legal practice in the State of Connecticut. The Connecticut Bar Association celebrated Doug along with other members of the Bar who had significant milestones and achievements in the practice of law over the past year. Please join us in congratulating Doug for this tremendous accomplishment.

We are also pleased to report that our firm was again listed in "Best Lawyers", Connecticut 2019 in the Workers' Compensation Law Section listing. Douglas L. Drayton, James L. Pomeranz and Richard T. Stabnick were listed as "lawyers of the year" Honorees for Workers' Compensation Law. Courtney C. Stabnick was similarly listed in "Best Lawyers", New England and Connecticut 2019 in the Personal Injury Litigation Section.


Our office was involved in a win before the Compensation Review Board. On March 15, 2019, the CRB issued its opinion affirming a Finding and Dismissal of the trial commissioner. The decision confirmed that the claimant was not entitled to any additional indemnity benefits or medical treatment for a compensable injury sustained on November 24, 2014. Our office filed a Motion to Dismiss the appeal arguing that it was statutorily untimely and thus, the Board lacked jurisdiction to consider the appeal. The Compensation Review Board found this argument meritorious and thus, dismissed the claimant's appeal.

We would also like to point out a recent Supreme Court case that has important implications. In the case of Peter Gould v. City of Stamford, (S.C. 2004), the claimant appealed to the Supreme Court a decision from the Compensation Review Board claiming that the Board improperly dismissed his claim for concurrent wage benefits under Section 31-310. This Section of the Act allows additional benefits in certain circumstances when an injured employee worked for more than one employer as of the date of a compensable injury. In this case, the claimant was not employed by another employer but rather was a sole member of a limited liability company which occasionally hired independent contractors. As a result of his injuries, the claimant filed a claim for workers' compensation benefits based upon his earnings from both the primary employer and the earnings he received from his single member LLC. The Second Injury Fund denied the claimant's claim for concurrent employment benefits on the grounds that there was not employer/employee relationship between the claimant and the members of a single member LLC on the basis that they are presumptively excluded from the Act pursuant to a 2003 memorandum issued by the Chairman of the Workers' Compensation Commission that members of single member LLCs are presumed to be excluded from the Act unless they are covered by filing a Form 75.

In reviewing the Second Injury Fund's denial of the plaintiff's claim, the Workers' Compensation Commission concluded that the plaintiff was not entitled to concurrent benefits, reasoning that the plaintiff was not an employee of the LLC. The claimant thereafter appealed to the Compensation Review Board which affirmed the Commissioner's decision. The CRB concluded that regardless of whether the LLC elected to accept the provisions of the Act by filing a Form 75, the trial commissioner correctly determined that the claimant was not an employee of the LLC. The Supreme Court rejected the CRB's reasoning namely because the LLC distributed its profits to the plaintiff instead of paying him at an hourly rate, it did not maintain the appropriate corporate formalities and thus, the LLC status as a limited liability company, had to be disregarded. The Court went on to state that there was no requirement under the Act that a single member LLC must elect to accept the Act's provisions before its member can be covered thereunder. The Court also held that the Chairman did not have the authority to adopt in its 2003 memorandum a conclusive presumption that members of a single LLC are not employees. Finally, the Court held that the Board incorrectly concluded that the proper test for determining whether the member of a single member LLC is an employee of the company is whether the member performed services for the company and was subject to the hazards of the company's business.

While the hold of this case may be limited in scope due to the specific factual findings, it could have significant implications for employees who have a side job where there is a single member LLC and could claim concurrent wage benefits.


Stephen Collin v. UTC/AIG, Case number 6278 CRB-8-18-5

James Pomeranz was recently successful in defending a claimant's appeal from a May 8, 2018 Finding and Dismissal in which the trial commissioner rejected a claim that the claimant's left thumb and left shoulder injuries were caused by his work as a machine operator. The claimant argued the trial commissioner erred in not relying upon the opinion of the claimant's treating physician. Our office argued that the claimant was attempting to retry the facts of the case on appeal and that this was essentially a "dueling expert" situation. The CRB noted that a commissioner is required to evaluate the weight and credibility of medical evidence in its totality when making a determination as to its reliability. In this case, the CRB concluded that the trial commissioner made a determination after performing such an evaluation of the medical evidence.

March 2019 UPDATES


Please join us in congratulating founding partner Douglas Drayton, who will be honored by the Connecticut Bar Association for 50 years of practice on April 11, 2019 at the Aqua Turf Club in Plantsville, CT in a special event "Celebrate with the Stars! A Night of Honor and Inspiration". For more information about the event, or to register to attend, contact the CBA at (844) 469-2221 or visit


Please note the increase in the mileage reimbursement effective January 1, 2019:

The mileage reimbursement rate for all travel expenses incurred on or after January 1, 2019 has risen to 58 cents per mile. This rate change applies to all claimants, regardless of injury date, and coincides with the federal mileage reimbursement rate pursuant to Section 31-312(a) of the Workers' Compensation Act.

Recent years reimbursement rates have been as follows:

  • For all travel expenses incurred on or after January 1, 2018, the mileage reimbursement rate is 54.5 cents per mile.
  • For all travel expenses incurred on or after January 1, 2017, the mileage reimbursement rate is 53.5 cents per mile.
  • For all travel expenses incurred on or after January 1, 2016, the mileage reimbursement rate is 54.0 cents per mile.
  • For all travel expenses incurred on or after January 1, 2015, the mileage reimbursement rate is 57.5 cents per mile.
  • Pursuant to MEMORANDUM NO. 2018-11 issued by Chairman Stephen M. Morelli on December 31, 2018, the 2019 Workers' Compensation Hospital and Ambulatory Surgical Center Fee Schedule has been updated as follows:

    Pursuant to C. G. S. 31-294d(d) (as amended June 11, 2014) the following will be in effect for the pecuniary liability of the employer for services rendered by a hospital and ambulatory surgical center:

    1. The hospital inpatient rate shall be 174% of the Medicare rate payable to that facility.

    2. The hospital outpatient and hospital-based ambulatory surgical center rate shall be 210% of the Medicare rate payable to that facility.

    3. The non-hospital based ambulatory surgical center rate shall be 195% of the hospital-based outpatient Medicare rate payable in the same CBSA (Core Based Statistical Area).

    4. Where there is no Medicare rate for the services in an outpatient hospital setting, the parties shall negotiate the reimbursement rate. If negotiation is not successful, the parties may request a hearing with the Commission; however, treatment shall proceed pending same.

    The Workers' Compensation Commission is working with a vendor to publish the 2019 applicable rates, rules and guidelines for this Fee Schedule. It will be available in advance of the April 1, 2019 effective date. Notice of availability will be published on our website at


    Quinones v. R.W. Thompson Company, Inc. (AC 38256) (Released February 26, 2019)

    The Appellate Court affirmed the Compensation Review Board, upholding the ruling of the trial Commissioner in his denial of a Motion to Preclude filed by the claimant. The claimant sustained an injury on March 16, 2010, and began receiving workers' compensation benefits on March 23, 2010. The claimant continued to receive benefits until the respondents filed a Form 36 to terminate benefits, as the claimant was determined to be able to return to work. The claimant then filed a Motion to Preclude, claiming the defendant could not deny him ongoing benefits, because they had failed to file a timely Form 43 at the time of the original filing of the claim. The matter proceeded to a Formal Hearing. After the trial but before the submission of briefs and issuance of the decision, the trial commissioner died. The parties were given the option of a new trial, or to have the matter submitted for decision on the record by a new commissioner. The claimant objected to a new trial, an opted for a decision on the record, and the respondents had no objection to proceeding in that fashion. Thereafter, the new commissioner determined that he had insufficient information to render a decision, and opened the record for a Formal hearing on the limited issue of when the claimant had started to receive benefits. The claimant objected to this additional testimony as well. The Appellate Court affirmed the Commissioner's discretionary right to open the record for additional information needed to issue a decision, and further affirmed the denial of the Motion to Preclude, noting that the respondents had no duty to issue a Form 43 on an accepted claim, and that they had no reason to contest extent of disability until the filing of the Form 36. The court noted that the respondents had timely commenced payments within 28 days of the Form 30C up to the date of the approval of the Form 36.

    January 2019 UPDATES

    Newly appointed Commissioner

    Attorney Toni M. Fatone became our newest Commissioner in January, after being nominated by Governor Malloy. Commissioner Fatone is from West Hartford. She graduated cum laude from the University of Connecticut, with a degree in political science and a minor in history and received her law degree from Stetson University College of Law in Saint Petersburg, Florida in 1987. She was admitted to the Connecticut Bar in 1988 and as Clerk of the Select Committee on Family and the Workplace, she helped make Connecticut the first state to adopt the Family and Medical Leave Act. From 2009 through January of 2015, she was the CEO of TMF Healthcare Consulting, LLC, where she was the company's in-house legal expert on the Affordable Care Act. Since February 2015, she served as Deputy Commissioner of the Department of Administrative Services. In that role, she provided oversight of workers' compensation for state employees and support for the State Insurance Risk Management Board and the Claims Commission.


    The Connecticut Supreme Court agreed to hear the appeal of Clements v. Aramark Corporation, 182 Conn. App. 224, cert granted, 330 Conn. 904 (September 25, 2018). This is a very important case where the Appellate Court overruled the Compensation Review Board (CRB) and the Trial Commissioner and found the claim compensable. The claimant was injured while simply walking on her employer's premises when she fainted due to "cardiogenic syncope" causing her to hit her head on the ground and sustain a concussion. The CRB previously upheld the Trial Commissioner's dismissal of the claim on the basis that fall was caused by an underlying, non-occupational medical condition. The Appellate Court reversed, holding that the case concerned an issue of law that it construed in accordance with the "remedial purpose of the Act" and focused on the injury being caused by the claimant striking her head on the ground rather than having been caused by the non-occupational syncope episode.

    Shkelqim Letaj v. ATMI Incorporated (Case No. 6186 CRB-5-17-4) (January 11, 2019). The Compensation Review Board (CRB) held that in a third-party action brought pursuant to General Statutes 31-293, a respondent's written notice of lien must not necessarily be sent directly to the named defendant in the third-party lawsuit. Instead, the CRB held in overturning the Trial Commissioner's decision that sending such notice to legal counsel representing the interests of the third-party is sufficient to preserve the employer's lien rights.

    October 2018 UPDATES


    Congratulations to Attorney James Pomeranz who was recently recognized as a 2019 'Lawyer of the Year' in the practice area of Workers' Compensation Law and will be highlighted in the 25th Edition of the Best Lawyers in America.

    In other news, Attorneys Douglas L. Drayton and James L. Pomeranz's were recently interviewed in the Quarterly newsletter re: Origins and Evolution of Connecticut Worker's Compensation Stipulations.

    Read the article here: Please click on link to review. Origins and Evolution of Connecticut Worker's Compensation Stipulations

    CT Gov. Malloy Announces $2.1 Million Federal Grant To Improve Labor Force Services Return To Work After An Illness Or Injury.

    To review the entire article, please click on the link below.

    CT Gov. Malloy Announces $2.1 Million Federal Grant To Improve Labor Force Services Return To Work After An Illness Or Injury


    MEMORANDUM NO. 2018-06: Average Weekly Wage, Maximum Compensation Rate and COLA adjustments:

    S31-309 of Connecticut General Statutes as amended by Public Act 93-228 sets the maximum weekly compensation rate to be the same as the average weekly earnings of all employees in Connecticut. This maximum rate applies to total disability benefits provided in S31-307 and decedents' dependents benefits provided in S31-306.

    The State Labor Commissioner has determined that the estimated average weekly earnings of all employees in Connecticut effective October 1, 2018 will be $1,298.00. Therefore, the maximum compensation rate for total disability and decedents' dependents will also be $1,298.00 for injuries occurring on or after October 1, 2018.

    The maximum compensation rate for partial disability (incapacity), i.e. benefits pursuant to S31-308, is equivalent to the average weekly earnings of production and related workers in manufacturing in Connecticut. The State Labor Commissioner has determined that the average weekly earnings of production and related workers in manufacturing in Connecticut effective October 1, 2018 will be $1,046.00.

    MEMORANDUM NO. 2018-04: Co-signatures for Physician’s Assistants:

    Per Chairman Stephen M. Morelli effective June 1, 2018, the Workers' Compensation Commissioner will no longer require the co-signature of a physician on forms (Forms 36, Voluntary Agreements, etc.) or medical reports signed by a physician's assistant (PA). This action is being taken so as to reflect what appears to be the real world custom and practice of medical providers. Forms will no longer be denied at the district office level solely for the lack of a co-signature.

    July 2018 UPDATES



    In the past year, two statutes that have been a longstanding part of the Act have been interpreted by the Appellate and Supreme Courts. The courts have reviewed the language in both 31-275 and 31-293(a) and changed the landscape on how these type of cases have been interpreted in our practice.

    The Connecticut courts have clarified the meaning of 'arising out of' contained in 31-275 of the Workers' Compensation Act. Section 31-275 establishes a causal connection between the injury and the employment and puts forth a two-part test: (1) The claimant must show the injury arose out of the employment and (2) in the course of employment. At issue for Connecticut workers' compensation law is the first prong of the test.

    Connecticut courts have traditionally held that to establish an injury arose out of employment, the conditions of the employment must be the proximate cause of the injury. Two recent cases demonstrate how Connecticut uprooted the proximate cause requirement of the "arising out of" prong.

    In Magistri v. New England Fitness Distributors, 6089 CRB-2-16-4 (May 10, 2017), the claimant was injured in a car accident as a result of his sleep apnea. The claimant was operating a car that was owned by his employer, New England Fitness Distributors, and was driving directly to the employer's office. The claimant's doctor who treated his sleep apnea stated that the accident was almost certainly attributable to the sleep apnea. The respondents argued that the injury was noncompensable because the sleep apnea was an intervening non-employment factor. However, the CRB ruled that "the claimant's sleep apnea would not have led to his injuries had he not been operating his employer's motor vehicle at the time when his medical condition occurred." Id. at 6. Thus, because there was a heightened risk of injury when the claimant was providing a service for the employer, the injuries were compensable.

    The Connecticut Appellate Court expanded on this claimant-friendly doctrine one year later in Clements v. Aramark Corporation, 182 Conn.App. 224 (2018). The plaintiff worked as a mess attendant at the Coast Guard Academy (defendant) in New London, Connecticut, which involved serving food and beverages and cleaning up after meals. On September 19, 2012, the plaintiff entered the building, walked down the hallway, and then went through a door to get to the next building when she became lightheaded and passed out, falling backward onto the asphalt and hitting her head on the ground. The plaintiff was brought to the hospital, where it was determined she suffered from a syncopal episode and was diagnosed with ecchymosis and swelling, which was likely cardiac or cardiogenic in etiology. While in the hospital, she suffered from cardiac arrest and had a pacemaker inserted. Her discharge records indicated that she had a history of cardiac disease, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, hypothyroidism, an irregular heartbeat, and a family history of coronary disease. Based on these findings, the Commissioner found that the plaintiff's injury did not arise out of her employment, and instead was caused by the cardiogenic syncope.

    The court held that although the cardiogenic syncope did not arise out of her employment, the resulting injuries that were the proximate cause from the plaintiff hitting her head on the ground at her workplace did arise out of her employment. In other words, the injury did arise out of her employment because the plaintiff was in the course of her employment, which subjected her to the risks which were incident to the employment; e.g. the asphalt on which the plaintiff fell on. It is inapposite whether the cardiogenic syncope itself arose out of the employment. Accordingly, the CRB's holding was reversed and remanded to the Board to sustain the plaintiff's appeal.

    These two cases indicate a development in the understanding of the "arising out of" prong of the Workers' Compensation Act. The proximate cause requirement is now much more claimant-friendly and suggests that any pre-existing condition that leads to an injury at work - whether the condition arose out of the employment or not - is compensable.

    The Connecticut Supreme Court also took up the issue of the employer's right to a moratorium for the claimant's net proceeds pursuant to 31-293(a) as amended by P.A. 11-205. The relevant portion of P.A. 11-205 provides that "[If the third party] action has been brought by the employee, the claim of the employer shall be reduced by one-third of the amount of benefits to be reimbursed to the employer which reduction shall inure solely to the benefit of the employee. The Supreme Court construed the extent of an employer's right to a credit against its obligation to pay workers' compensation benefits to an injured employee when that employee already recovered damages from a third party tortfeasor to favor claimants. In Callaghan v. Car Parts International, LLC, SC 19755 (2018), the plaintiff was injured in an automobile accident in the course of and arising out of his employment. He brought an action for damages against a third party, who was also involved in the accident. The plaintiff received $74,000 in workers' compensation benefits and a $100,000 settlement. Thus, the specific issue in Callaghan was, 'whether the moratorium applies to the one-third portion of the employer's recovery that inures solely to the employee's benefit-that is, whether the employer has a right to a setoff against its obligation to pay for post-judgement workers' compensation benefits until those benefits exceed the one-third portion that the employee received from the proceeds of the third-party action.'

    The Connecticut Supreme Court held the employee's one-third portion of the employer's lien is not subject to the moratorium and the employer does not receive a credit against benefits for the one-third portion that are paid to the employee from later arising benefits. The Court held that if the employer was able to establish a moratorium on the one-third benefit, it would be in contradiction to the purpose of the statute, which evidences that the employee alone is to retain the benefit of the reduction. Just like the CRB and the Connecticut Appellate Court in Magistri and Clements, the Supreme Court interpreted a long-standing principle in workers' compensation law to protect the rights of the claimant.

    Copyright 2018 by Heather Porto, Pomeranz, Drayton and Stabnick. Reprinted with permission

    October 2017 UPDATES

    CMS Announces New Guidelines For Re-Review Of Previously Approved WCMSAs

    In the WCMSA User Guide version 5.1 which was published on July 10, 2017, CMS finally expanded the circumstances under which they will consider a re-review of a previously approved WCMSA. Prior to the recent change in the User Guide CMS would only consider a re-review where:

    1: The individual requesting re-review believed CMS' determination contained obvious mistakes (e.g., a mathematical error or failure to recognize Medical records already submitted showing a surgery, priced by CMS, that has already occurred).


    2: The individual requesting re-review believed he/she has additional evidence, not previously considered by CMS, which was dated prior to the submission date of the original proposal which warrants a change in CMS' determination.

    Section 12.4 of the latest version of the User Guide now provides a third scenario where CMS will consider re-review of a previously approved WCMSA. This section states:

    3: When you disagree with the Regional Office (RO) decision on a case, or if projected care for a case has changed so much that the new proposed settlement amount differs from CMS' approved amount by 10% or $10,000 (whichever is greater), you can submit a re-review request. A WCMSAP case is eligible for re-review if it is in approved status at a Regional Office and a re-review is not already in process.

    To be eligible for an Amended Review, the case:

  • Must have been originally submitted between one and four years from the current date;
  • Cannot have a previous request for an Amended Review;
  • Must result in a 10% or $10,000 change (whichever is greater) in CMS' previously approved amount.
  • The following example is given in the Guide for how 10% change is calculated:

  • An approved Medicare Set-Aside (MSA) is $80,000. Since $10,000 is greater than $8,000 (which is 10% of the approved MSA), then $10,000 will be used in calculation.
  • The New Proposed MSA Amount is $88,000. Since $8,000 ($88,000 - $80,000) is at least a 10% change, this amount is eligible for an amended review. Note: The New Proposed MSA Amount can be greater than or less than the Approved MSA Amount, as long as the difference is at least 10% or $10,000 (whichever is greater).
  • Since the re-review must be requested through the WCMSAP "portal", it appears that the re-review request must come from the original submitter. If you would like more information on whether your case qualifies for re-review, please feel free to contact me at (860) 657-8000 or

    Gregory F. Lisowski, JD MSCC

    September 2017 UPDATES

    Paul Dombrowski v. City of New Haven/Police Department, et al 6149 CRB 3-16-10 (9/11/17)

    The Claimant in this matter sought to open a stipulation that was approved by the Workers' Compensation Commissioner pursuant to a stipulation approval hearing on September 30, 2015. At the time of the hearing, the Claimant was canvassed by the Commissioner and the Claimant voluntarily agreed to the terms of the stipulation. The Claimant received his settlement check within a few days and then ultimately returned the check to the Respondent. He argued in his Motion to Reopen the Stipulation, that his agreement to sign the stipulation was neither knowing, nor voluntary, as he did not have time to review its provisions and therefore, his consent was not valid. Attorney Smith argued that there had not been any fraud or mutual mistake regarding the terms of the agreement. The Trial Commissioner ultimately determined that the Claimant had not presented evidence of fraud, misrepresentation, accident or mistake in the stipulation document, nor did he challenge the adequacy of the Commissioner's canvass. On the Motion to Reopen, Commissioner Salerno determined that the Trial Commissioner's approval of the stipulation was independent of any consideration of the settlement agreement, and that issues related to the settlement agreement were beyond the purview of the commission under Connecticut law. No Motion to Correct was filed in this matter and the Claimant instead filed an Appeal to the Compensation Review Board alleging legal error in the Finding and Dismissal. In the present case, the Compensation Review Board found that it was apparent that both parties wanted to resolve the Claimant's worker's compensation claim. The settlement sum was agreed to as reasonable consideration for the withdrawal of his claim and the Claimant was canvassed by the Trial Commissioner prior to executing the stipulation. Given that the Claimant had received the consideration specified in the stipulation, no mistake was made that would warrant an opening of the stipulation under Connecticut General Statutes 31-315. To the extent that there was any failure to achieve a meeting of the minds relative to the issues in the settlement agreement, the Compensation Review Board found that it was without jurisdiction to consider such a dispute.

    Ouellette v. Lane Bryant, Inc., et al, 6122 CRB 6-16-8 (7/7/17)

    In this case, the Claimant appealed from a July 25, 2016 Finding and Dismissal in which the Trial Commissioner determined that the injuries sustained by the Claimant in a parking lot outside of her employer was not compensable within the scope of Connecticut General Statutes 31-275(1). The Claimant argued that her injury was sustained while she was doing something incidental to her employment, in that she was walking to her car at the conclusion of her shift. The Respondents argued that the Trial Commissioner rightfully determined that it was within the Trial Commissioner's privy to determine if the Claimant's injury was incidental to her employment and ultimately reached a factual determination adverse to the Claimant. Here, the Claimant completed her work shift and had "clocked out" of work and after exiting the store, slipped and fell on the sidewalk in front of the parking lot where she parked her personal vehicle. The parking lot was not owned or maintained by the Respondents and the Commissioner found that her fall was not in the course or scope of her employment, as it was outside her normal work hours and did not occur in an area owned and maintained by her employer. The Compensation Review Board found that the circumstances of the Claimant's injury, as stipulated by the parties, would not have compelled the Commissioner to find that the Claimant's injury was incidental to her employment. The Trial Commissioner did not find that the Claimant's use of the parking lot constituted a mutual benefit for both the Claimant and the employer, such that he could award benefits. Given the deference extended to a trial Commissioner, the Compensation Review Board upheld the Finding & Dismissal.

    Legislative Update: Public Act 17-27

    "An act concerning withholding workers' compensation income for children's support"

    This new law will become effective January 1, 2018 and not only requires an employer to notify dependents who may be owed child support, but also to provide a copy of the income withholding order and the First Report of Injury to the workers' compensation carrier. An employer should notify its carrier with a copy of the income withholding order and the carrier must then withhold funds pursuant to the order, and pay the withheld funds to the Department of Social Services' Office of Child Support Services. The statute does not exempt permanency or settlements. Therefore, effective January 1, 2018, when the statute goes into effect, the Respondents must withhold the garnishment from permanent partial disability benefits and settlements as well.

    WCC Welcomes New Commissioners:

    Robert A. D'Andrea:

    Commissioner D'Andrea is a graduate of the University of Hartford, and Suffolk University School of Law, in Boston. He worked in the Litchfield State's Attorney's Office, followed by several years of private practice and real estate brokerage in Litchfield and Torrington, CT. From 1993 to 1999, Commissioner D'Andrea worked as Deputy General Counsel at Integrated Control Systems, Inc. in Litchfield, CT, then as General Counsel at Horton International, Inc., and as a Contract Corporate Counsel at B/E Aerospace, Inc. in Bantam, CT. Since 1999, Commissioner D'Andrea has worked in numerous areas of the law including municipal law, tax appeals, planning & zoning, litigation of both residential and commercial real estate transactions.

    Brenda Jannotta:

    Commissioner Jannotta graduated from the University of Connecticut and the University Of Connecticut School Of Law. In 1992, Commissioner Jannotta worked as a House Republican Legislative Aid in the Connecticut General Assembly, a Governor's Aid in the Office of the Governor, a Legislative Program Manager at the Connecticut Department of Transportation, and as Senior Legal Counsel at the Connecticut Resources Recovery Authority. From 2001 to 2002, she worked in Washington, DC, as Director of the State of Connecticut's DC Office, where she acted as a liaison to the President, federal agencies and Connecticut's Congressional delegation on state and federal matters. Since 2002, Commissioner Jannotta has worked in the area of transportation, as well as administering rail and highway safety programs. Since 2006, she has served as a Program Manager at the Office of Rail in New Haven, Connecticut.

    June 2017 UPDATES

    VITTI V. CITY OF MILFORD, 6066 crab-4-15-12 4/21/17)

    The Compensation Review Board (CRB) upheld the Trial Commissioner's determination that Giant Cell Myocarditis (GCM) was a heart disease that qualified the Claimant, a Milford Police Officer since 1993, to Heart and Hypertension benefits under C.G.S. Section 7-433c. GCM is a rare and lethal disease and the Respondents argued that it was an autoimmune disease that could affect organs other than the heart. However, the Trial Commissioner chose the testimony of the Claimant's expert, Dr. Wencker, that the disease manifested itself in the heart in this particular case. The result was a finding that the City was liable for a heart transplant and all benefits that flowed therefrom.

    DEFOREST V. YALE NEW HAVEN HOSPITAL 6075 CRB-3-16-2 (4/6/17)

    The Compensation Review Board upheld the Trial Commissioner's decision that a slip and fall accident that occurred just outside of the parking garage used by Hospital employees was compensable. At about 12:45 p.m. on March 18, 2014, the Claimant, an employee at Smilow Cancer Hospital, walked to her car after eating lunch to get change in order to buy coffee later in the day. She slipped and fell on ice while crossing the street to get to the parking garage where she regularly parked her car.

    The evidence revealed that she paid the Hospital bi-weekly to park in the garage and that she was issued an electronic pass to gain access to the garage. There was no evidence presented that the Hospital owned the garage. The Claimant was not working through her lunch break and she did not tell her supervisor she going to her car during her lunch hour. She also admitted she was not carrying out any job duties while walking to the garage.

    The Claimant's supervisor testified that Hospital employees were free to leave Hospital premises during lunch and that many employees ate lunch off Hospital premises.

    The Trial Commissioner determined that the parking garage was an extension of the employer's premises and was provided for the mutual benefit and convenience of employees and the employer. He also found that the walk to her car was "incidental to her employment" and therefore, compensable.

    May 2017 UPDATES

    Marciano v. Jimenez, et al, 324 Conn. 70 (2016)

    The Connecticut Supreme Court recently considered the issue of whether Connecticut General Statutes 52-225a precludes a trial court from making any collateral source reduction, either in full or in part, when a subrogation right exists. Here, after a trial on the merits, a jury awarded the plaintiff $124,283.00 in economic and noneconomic damages. The defendants moved for a collateral source reduction, claiming that the plaintiff had only paid $1,900.00 toward his medical expenses, the balance of which was paid by the employers health insurance carrier. The plaintiff objected to the collateral source reduction, arguing that the employers right of subrogation existed regardless of their willingness to accept a reduced lien reimbursement. The Supreme Court held that the phrase 'no reduction' in 52-225a(a) leaves no doubt that if a right of subrogation exists, a trial court cannot order a collateral source reduction.

    Denomme v. Masis Staffing, (Calmar, J.) Superior Court @ Putnam (1/8/17)

    A Superior Court, Calmar, J., recently held that a third- party employer which leased the plaintiffs services from a manpower company continuously for several years, and which terminated the lease arrangement following the injured workers development of a work-rated ailment, is not excused from liability under the Workers Compensation Act pursuant to the Lent Employer Statute. It was determined that there was no exemption where the leased employee received no further assignments and never returned to work for the manpower company following the termination.

    The third party employed filed a Motion to Strike Count II of the Plaintiffs Complaint, arguing that it was not the employer and therefore, could not be found liable under Connecticut General Statutes 31-290a. The Court denied the defendants Motion to Strike.

    Leonetti v. MacDerAmid, (Shah, J.) (Superior Court @ Waterbury( (1/12/17)

    The exclusive remedy provision of the Workers Compensation Act, which grants employer immunity from 'any action for damages on account of personal injury sustained by an employee arising out of and in the course of his employment', Connecticut General Statutes 31-284(a), is not limited to claims for personal injury but rather applies as well to a claim brought by an employee against an employer for alleged misconduct in defending an underlying workers' compensation claim. Therefore, the exclusivity portion of the Workers' Compensation Act bars a vexatious litigation action brought by an employee against his/her employer that stems from the defense of a workers' compensation claim.

    April 2017 UPDATES

    Balloli vs. New Haven Police Department

    In this case, the claimant police officer was leaving his home and walking onto the street, while on his way to work. While walking towards his car, he dropped his keys and was injured. The Compensation Review Board affirmed the Trial Commissioners decision dismissing the case. The case was eventually appealed to the Supreme Court, which reversed the Compensation Review Board in total, holding that the claimant was acting in the course of his employment pursuant to the plain language of 31-275(1)(A)(i).

    Williams vs. City of New Haven

    The Compensation Review Board determined that a claimant who had filed a wrongful termination claim under 31-290a, had a rightful cause of action before the Workers Compensation Commission despite the fact that his claim had been to arbitration and dismissed by the Labor Board. The Compensation Review Board did not believe the Respondents argument of res judicata or that the Workers Compensation Commission was not the proper forum for this claim.

    The Compensation Review Board found that the termination did constitute a fraud and thus, the claimant was entitled to pursue benefits under 31-290a.

    John Graham v. Olson Wood Associates, et al

    The Supreme Court ruled that a Workers Compensation Commissioner may reinstate an employer or insurance company as a party to proceedings who had been dismissed before the case on the merits (i.e., compensability) had been litigated.

    In this claim, which involved exposure to asbestos, multiple employers and insurance companies were released by the Trial Commissioner vis-a-vis motions to dismiss, prior to the Claimant putting on his case in chief. Later, evidence developed which revealed that the dismissed employers had injurious exposures. The remaining employers sought to bring these employers back into the proceedings, and the litigation eventually made it to the Supreme Court.

    The Courts decision to allow the Commissioner to reinstate the respondents effectively ends any motion practice, at least until the underlying issue of compensability is determined on the merits.

    Bond v. Lee Manufacturing

    The claimant, Mr. Wendell Bond, sought to reopen a stipulation for injuries sustained in 2002. Mr. Bond claimed that, on the day of the stipulation approval hearing, he was not feeling well and was under duress. He additionally argued that his attorney had not properly informed him of the meaning of the stipulation.

    The Trial Commissioner had found that the claimant had been properly canvassed and questioned prior to the hearing and that at the hearing he had not brought up the fact that he had been ill, even if that had mattered at all.

    The Compensation Review Board affirmed, stating that the claimant was essentially trying to retry his claim and that there was no evidence in the record of duress or improper explanation by his attorney.

    Shymidt v. Eagle Concrete, LLC, 6018 CRB-7-15-6

    In this case, the employer accepted an underlying foot claim as compensable and paid all medical and indemnity benefits associated with the same. The claimant then made complaints of an injury to his shoulder, stemming from the same date of loss, although made one year after same. The employer filed a disclaimer. The claimants argument of preclusion was denied by the Compensation Review Board, which reasoned that the disclaimer was filed within one year of the date of loss.

    Staurovsky v. Milford Police Department

    The Claimant, a police officer, claimed that his heart condition, which resulted in a heart attack while shoveling snow, arose out of his employment. The claimants treating doctor, while acknowledging the non-work related shoveling was a contributing factor to his disease, opined that the claimants work activities, over a period of years, also contributed to the heart attack. The Trial Commissioner awarded benefits and the CRB affirmed. The Appellate Court then reversed the CRB, and the Supreme Court affirmed. The reversal by the higher court was based upon lack of evidence in the record that the claimant developed hypertension and/or heart disease while employed. The Supreme Court found that the disease did not develop until the claimant was shoveling snow, despite the opinion of the treating doctor. Furthermore, the claimant was retired when the heart attacked occurred while shoveling and thus the Claimant did not prove disability during his time as a police officer.

    June 2016 UPDATES

    William Hart v. Federal Express Corporation, et al. (SC 19523) (Released April 19, 2016.)

    The Supreme Court in this case upheld both the trial commissioners decision and that of the Compensation Review Board in finding that the claimants physical and psychological injuries were compensable. The Court goes through an excellent analysis of the evidence presented and why they believed the trial commissioner and Compensation Review Boards decisions were clearly based on sound evidence.

    The Court noted that the trial commissioner found the claimants work with the employer generated stress, which ultimately led him to the emergency room with a fluttering sensation in his chest. He was diagnosed with arrhythmia, then atrial fibrillation and hypertension. The trial commissioner felt all of these physical injuries were clearly related to the claimants employment.

    Over the span of three years, the claimant was seen by approximately seven health care professionals for symptoms and/or conditions relating to his claim. The claimant was found by his treating physician and that of an independent medical examiner to suffer from anxiety and depression, again related to his physical injuries; namely, arrhythmia and atrial fibrillation.

    The trial commissioner concluded, based upon his review of all of the evidence, and the Court upheld that decision, that the claimant had sustained physical and psychological injuries arising out of and in the course of his employment.

    The Court also goes through an analysis regarding the awarding of temporary total disability benefits and finds the evidence sufficient and the Commissioners finding reasonable.

    The Trial Commissioner had found that the claimants psychological condition clearly was related both to his physical injuries and the stress associated with his work. The Court upheld this finding.

    Claimants and their attorneys may attempt to utilize this case in expanding claims for psychiatric and psychological conditions in the future. However, there still appears to be the requirement that a physical component needs to be present first before any psychiatric or psychological condition can be traced to the claimants employment and/or work-related injury.

    Janice McCullough vs. Swan Engraving, Inc., et al. (SC 19480) (Released February 2, 2016.)

    In this case, the Supreme Court reversed the Compensation Review Board, which had reversed the decision of the Workers Compensation Commissioner, who had awarded the plaintiff survivor benefits. The Court found that the decedent-widow was not required to file a separate Notice of Claim for survivors benefits because the timely filing of any claim for benefits under the Act satisfies the limitation period for all potential claims under the Act. The Court agreed with the claimants attorney, who argued that the timely filing of the decedents Notice of Claim satisfied the requirements of that statute and there is no requirement that the claimant-widow file a separate claim.

    The Court found there is no language in 31-294c creating a statute of limitations for a claim for survivors benefits or language requiring that a dependent file a separate claim for survivor benefits if the employee filed a timely claim for benefits during his or her lifetime.

    The Court therefore concluded that whether a survivor should be denied benefits on the grounds that he or she failed to file a separate Notice of Claim under the Act is for the legislature to decide, not the courts.

    The case law now is clear that if the claimant, during his or her lifetime, has filed a Notice of Claim and subsequently passes away from that condition, the dependent-widow is not required to file a separate and distinct Notice of Claim in order to be entitled to survivor benefits.

    March 2016 UPDATES

    Callahan v. Car Parts International, LLC, et al, 5992 CBR-1-15-3

    The claimant appealed from a Finding and Order wherein the trial commissioner determined that the Respondents were entitled to a moratorium in the amount of $22,020.67 from the claimants settlement of a lawsuit against a third party tort feasor, which figure represents the employers statutory lien reduction. The claimant argued that the trial commissioners ruling rendered Public Act 11-205 illusory because the moratorium effectively takes back the amount given by the one-third reduction.

    The CRB did not agree, finding that the claimant reaps the immediate tangible benefit by having much of the Respondents lien. This occurs because one-third of the net settlement inures to the claimant even if, due to a lien for prior expenses, the Respondents were still owed money. The effect of Public Act 11-205 is to place the claimant in the same position for settling a case for less than the Respondents lien than he would have been had there been in a settlement or verdict, prior to the effective date of the Act, in excess of the Respondents lien. The lien for prior advances has been satisfied and the claimant has some net recovery, which may be subject to a moratorium. The reasonable interpretation of Public Act 11-205 works to create a situation where a large workers compensation lien does not present an obstacle to setting tort lawsuits and the trial commissioners Finding wass consistent with that approach. The Finding and Award was therefore, upheld.

    Hadden v. CREC, et al; (AC 36913) (March 22, 2016)

    Richard Stabnick of Pomeranz, Drayton & Stabnick, successfully argued the recent appeal in this matter wherein the Respondents sought to reduce the claimants award for total disability benefits in proportion to the percentage of disability caused by the natural progression of the claimants underlying condition. On appeal, CREC conceded that the plaintiffs work injury caused her total disability, entitling her to benefits and challenged only the trial commissioner and CRBs denial of apportionment pursuant to 31-275(1)(D).

    This office successfully argued that the Appellate Court is bound by a Supreme Courts prior holding in Cashman v. McTernan School, Inc., 130 Conn. 401, 34 A.2d 874 (1943), wherein the Court expressly forbids apportionment if the pre-existing condition was non-occupational in nature, as was the claimants condition here. Therefore, the Appellate Court affirmed the decision of the CRB.

    February 2016 UPDATES

    Patricia Geraldino v. Oxford Academy of Hair Design - 5968 CRB-5-14-10

    In a case litigated by Attorney Richard Stabnick of this office, the Compensation Review Board concluded that the trial commissioner did not sufficiently identify the factual basis in the record for various findings he reached in the Finding and Orders. The Board also found that the Claimant's interpretation of the Respondent's rights under section 31-294c(b) was in error. The ruling is important because the Board places limits on the 'harsh remedy' that preclusion inflicts on a Respondent who fails to properly contest a claim within the time and method set forth in section 31-294c(b). Specifically, the Board ruled that being precluded from contesting the claim at a formal hearing, does not prevent a Respondent from claiming legal error on appeal. While the Donahue and Harpaz decisions bar a precluded Respondent from presenting evidence at a formal hearing, this decision makes clear that a Respondent is not barred from challenging an application of law on appeal. In this case the trial commissioner's decision that the Claimant had no right to file a post-trial brief and motion to correct were error

    McCullough v. Swan Engraving, Inc., Et. Al., (SC19480)

    The Connecticut Supreme Court recently considered the issue of whether a claimant/dependent was required to file a separate timely notice of claim of survivor's benefits under the Workers' Compensation Act, where her husband (decedent), had filed a timely claim for disability benefits during his lifetime with the Respondent employer. The case came before the Supreme Court on the plaintiff's appeal from a decision of the CRB reversing the Workers' Compensation Commissioner's award of survivor's benefits. On appeal, the plaintiff argued that she was not required to file a separate notice of claim for survivor's benefits because the timely filing of any claim for benefits under the Act satisfies the limitation period for all potential claims under the Act. The Supreme Court agreed with the plaintiff, reserving the judgment of the CRB.

    January 2016 UPDATES

    Callaghan v. Car Parts International, LLC; (WC#100189553, 2/20/15)

    In Callaghan, a trial commissioner recently found that the Respondents are entitled to a moratorium in the amount of $22,020.67, which sum represents the amount retained by the Claimant out of a third party settlement. The trial commissioner found that C.G.S. Section 31-293(a), as amended by Public Act 11-205, does not eliminate a Respondents' moratorium for the amount a Claimant realizes from a third party claim. Although there are some statements in the legislative history to Public Act 11-205 that the amendment to the statute provides incentives to employees to bring third party claims, there is no discussion of the moratorium. The prior Supreme Court opinions of Enquist v. General Datacom, 218 Conn. 19 (1991), Love v. J.P. Stevens, 218 Conn. 46 (1991) mandate a moratorium in the amount of funds retained by the claimant in a third party claim.

    Gill v. Brescome Barton, Inc., 316 Conn. 33 (2015)

    The Supreme Court recently considered, on a certified appeal, whether under unique factual circumstances, a workers' compensation commissioner had the authority to require one insurance carrier to reimburse another insurance carrier for benefits, given that the commissioner was authorized to impose the full amount of such payments upon either insurance carrier. The Supreme Court held that Liberty Mutual could not prevail on its claim that the commissioner lacked authority to order Liberty Mutual to reimburse Chubb for one half of the claimant's temporary total disability payments, where the Court concluded that the claimant's bilateral knee replacement surgery presented the commissioner with a highly unusual dilemma arising under G.G.S. Section 31-307(b), which he resolved in a reasonable manner. Here, surgery on either knee would have independently rendered the claimant temporarily totally disabled, and pursuant to C.G.S. Section 31-307(b), the commissioner was authorized to impose the full disability upon either carrier. Instead, the commissioner offered a necessary and reasonable interim compromise, subject to possible later modification.

    Pothitay v. Assembly and Automation Technology, et al; Superior Court, Judicial District of New Britain, Docket No. CV-14-6025888-S (April 27, 2015)

    A recent Superior Court decision held that a personal injury claim brought by an employee against an employer under the 'intentional tort' exception to the exclusive remedy provision of the Workers' Compensation Act requires proof that the employer was subjectively aware that the injury was substantially certain to occur; whereas proof of an objective or 'reasonable man' awareness is not sufficient. Furthermore, the subjective standard requires proof of affirmative conduct by an employer such as directing the removal of machine guards over the objection of an employee, whereas an employer's failure to take remedial steps, such as adding guards or enforcing safety rules, is not sufficient to establish a claim under the 'intentional conduct' exception.

    Bean v. Cowan Systems, LLC, (Superior Court, Judicial District of Hartford, Docket No. CV-14-6049833-S (January 21, 2015)

    The Superior Court found that the provision of the Workers' Compensation Act that creates a private cause of action in favor of an employee who 'in any manner' has been discriminated against by an employer for exercising rights under the Act, C.G.S. Section 31-290a, applies to a former employee who is denied re-employment for exercising his/her rights under the Act during an earlier term of employment. Here, the defendant unsuccessfully argued that the provision applies only to current employees.

    March 2015 UPDATES

    Caraballo v. Electric Boat, SC 19182 (March 17, 2015)

    The Supreme Court recently issued its decision in Caraballo v. Electric Boat wherein it decided the issue of what rate Employers and Insurers must pay Hospitals. The Court held that the Hospitals are to receive their published charges, not, as the employers/insurers argued, actual costs. This decision effects all disputes and claims occurring on or before April 1, 2015. Any dispute occurring after April 1, 2015 is subjected to the Chairman's new regulations which can be found here Both the decision from the Court and new law effective 4/1/15 make it clear that it is not the duty of the Commissioner to determine the rates or payments between employers/insurers and providers.

    The Court was not persuaded by the argument from the insurers/employers that the Workers' Compensation Act controlled over the general Hospital payor statute. What this means for employers/insurers with dates of loss prior to 4/1/15 is that they must pay what any other payor in the system would pay to the Hospital; also known as published charges. There is, of course, exception to this new law if the employer/insurer and Hospital had previously negotiated payment options. Thus, the respondents should check to confirm whether or not there is a contract in place with the hospital. The new law, effective 4/1/15, also encourages negotiation between the parties.

    Argonaut v. Town of Berlin, Superior Court, Judicial District of New Britain @ New Britain, Docket No. CV126017084 (December 1, 2014, Swienton, J.)

    This Superior Court case emanates from an underlying workers compensation case. In that case, the Town failed to timely provide the 30C to Argonaut, their compensation carrier. Thus, a Form 43 was not timely filed and both the employer and carrier were precluded from contesting compensability. Argonaut then filed a declaratory judgment action in Superior Court and argued that they were prejudiced by the preclusion. The basis for their argument was that the Town did not cooperate with the terms and conditions of its insurance policy. Argonaut further argued that not providing timely notice to the carrier of the claim was essentially a breach of said contract. The court granted summary judgment in the Carrier's favor however the case has been appealed. If the Appellate Court affirms the Superior Court's decision, then it opens employers up to direct liability for compensation claims when it failed to forward notice in a timely manner. In some cases, it may implicate the Second Injury Fund if the employers are unable to pay the claim. We will await the Appellate Court's decision.

    February 2015 UPDATES

    Stauovsky v. City of Milford-Police Department (Case No. 5906 CRB-4-14-1) - January 30, 2015)

    In this case, the issue before the CRB was whether a claimant's right to obtain benefits, pursuant to Section 7-433c, terminates on the date that he/she leaves the employment of a police or fire department. In Stauovsky, the claimant voluntarily left his employment with the respondent's police department and a few weeks after his departure, filed a claim under Section 7-433c. The trial commissioner concluded that the claimant had filed a timely claim under Section 7-433c. On appeal, the respondents argued that Section 7-433c limits benefits to claimants who are injured while employed. The CRB affirmed the trial commissioner's award of benefits to the claimant. The CRB reasoned that the trial commissioner relied upon proper evidence, which showed that the claimant's underlying heart disease developed during the course of his employment with the respondents.

    Graham v. Olson Wood Associates (Case No. 5911 CRB-4-14-2) - January 29, 201

    This claim involved multiple respondents, under Section 31-299b, in a claim which involved alleged exposure to asbestos while the claimant worked for several different employers. One of the respondents, CIGA, filed a motion to dismiss during the proceedings, which was eventually granted at a formal hearing. At subsequent pre-formal hearings, additional co-respondents sought to cite CIGA back into the proceedings. The merits of the underlying claim for compensation had not yet been decided by formal hearing. CIGA was ultimately cited back into the proceedings and this appeal followed. The CRB upheld the trial commissioner's decision to grant the other respondents' motion to cite CIGA back into the case. The CRB reasoned that the provisions of 31-299b allow for apportionment to occur only after the underlying claim has been tried on the merits. Thus, CIGA's motion to dismiss was premature and, as a practical effect, motions to dismiss filed in apportionment claims, are not effective until the underlying claim is decided.

    January 2015 UPDATES

    Margaret Czyrko v. State of Connecticut, (5901 CRB-6-13-12, December 4, 2014)

    The Compensation Review Board in this case upheld the trial commissioner's finding that when calculating a compensation rate for permanent partial disability benefits, that rate should be calculated on a "date of injury basis". The CRB found that the compensation rate for permanent partial disability benefits must be calculated based on the 52 weeks of wages ending on the date of injury and not the date of the first date of disability.

    The claimant had argued both to the trial commissioner and the CRB that permanent partial disability benefits should be calculated similarly to temporary total disability benefits and should be based upon the date of incapacity.

    The respondent argued that under Connecticut General Statutes 31-310, the compensation rate should be based on the claimant's wages during the 52 weeks immediately prior to the date of injury.

    The CRB found that the claimant had not presented any precedent which applied the precedent in Mulligan to an award of specific benefits for permanent partial disability.

    Michael Johnson v. Hartland Express, 5861-CRB-2-13-7 (December 22, 2014)

    In this case, the Compensation Review Board affirmed the decision of the trial commissioner indicating that Connecticut had a significant relationship to the claimant's employment with the respondent and the claimant qualified for benefits under the Connecticut Workers' Compensation Act. The CRB found the existence of this significant relationship made the claimant's out-of-state injury compensable under the Act.

    The claimant was a resident of Ledyard, CT and sustained a back injury while employed as a truck driver for the respondents in New Jersey. The respondents denied that Connecticut had jurisdiction over the claimant's work injury.

    The CRB then went through the commissioner's finding of facts regarding the claimant's relationship with his employer, as well as his contacts with the State of Connecticut. The commissioner noted that approximately 30% of the claimant's work performed for the respondent was directly connected to assignments in the State of Connecticut and that there was a significant relationship between the State of Connecticut and the employment relationship between the claimant and the respondent-employer.

    The respondents appealed to the CRB, arguing that the claimant's work activities in the State of Connecticut were inadequate to confer jurisdiction on the commission for an injury sustained in New Jersey.

    The CRB then goes through an excellent analysis addressing the appropriate standard under Connecticut law to ascertain when Connecticut has jurisdiction. The CRB looks at both Jaiguay v. Vasquez, 287 Conn. 323 (2008) and Cleveland v. U.S. Printing, Inc., 218 Conn. 181 (1981). In this case, the trial commissioner accepted the claimant's arguments that Connecticut had a significant relationship over the employment relationship to confer jurisdiction over the claim. The CRB agreed with the commissioner's analysis and finding.

    The CRB found that it is within the trial commissioner's discretion to determine whether the claimant established a significant relationship between his employment and the State of Connecticut.

    There was also a concurring opinion issued by the CRB, maintaining that this case involves a choice of law or conflicts of law question, as opposed to a jurisdictional one. In the end, the concurring commissioner found there was in fact a significant employment relationship with Connecticut present.

    Timothy Conway v. City of Stamford, 5900 CRB-7-13-12 (November 24, 2014)

    The Compensation Review Board in this case upheld the decision of the trial commissioner. The trial commissioner had determined and found that the claimant had never been diagnosed with hypertension by his primary care physician until January 6, 2012. The respondents had argued that the claimant's Notice of Claim was filed late, due to the fact that he had been diagnosed with borderline hypertension prior to January 6, 2012, and thus the statute commenced running at that time. The trial commissioner and the CRB did not agree.

    The CRB again goes through an analysis in dealing with prior decisions of the Appellate Court concerning heart & hypertension and Statute of Non-Claim issues.

    Ultimately, the CRB found that the trial commissioner was correct and that the evidence clearly demonstrated that prior to January 2012, the claimant's primary care physician nor any other physician had ever rendered to the claimant a formal diagnosis of hypertension, as contemplated by the cases Ciarlelli v. Hamden, 299 Conn. 265, 299 (2010).